Aus­tralian Cap­i­tal Ter­ri­tory driv­ers are us­ing less fuel per 100 kilo­me­tres than mo­torists in other ar­eas, the re­cently re­leased Bureau of In­fra­struc­ture, Trans­port and Re­gional Eco­nom­ics report shows

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Aus­tralian Cap­i­tal Ter­ri­tory driv­ers are us­ing less fuel per 100 kilo­me­tres com­pared to other ar­eas, the re­cently re­leased Bureau of In­fra­struc­ture, Trans­port and Re­gional Eco­nom­ics (BITRE) report shows.

The Aus­tralian Cap­i­tal Ter­ri­tory has the least fuel-in­ten­sive pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles — av­er­ag­ing 9.7 litres per 100km — due to a higher than av­er­age pro­por­tion of smaller ve­hi­cles with four or less cylin­ders and late-model ve­hi­cles in its ve­hi­cle fleet. Out­side of Can­berra, the most fuel-ef­fi­cient ve­hi­cles are Bris­bane CBD, Bris­bane West, Syd­ney CBD, and Syd­ney’s eastern sub­urbs. In­ner city res­i­dents tend to have lower av­er­age rates of fuel con­sump­tion than mid­dle and outer sub­ur­ban res­i­dents, due to the greater preva­lence of small ve­hi­cles in in­ner city ar­eas.

Ve­hi­cle type, fuel type, num­ber of cylin­ders and year of man­u­fac­ture were all con­sid­ered as part of the sur­vey, which an­a­lysed state and ter­ri­tory regis­tra­tion data from Oc­to­ber 2015 to 2016. The report in­ves­ti­gates state and ter­ri­tory dif­fer­ences in fuel econ­omy and presents the av­er­age rate of fuel con­sump­tion for Aus­tralia’s re­gions.

There is min­i­mal vari­a­tion in the fuel econ­omy of pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles by state of regis­tra­tion, with the six states and the North­ern Ter­ri­tory all hav­ing av­er­age rates of fuel con­sump­tion of be­tween 10 and 11 litres per 100 kilo­me­tres.

Un­sur­pris­ingly, re­gional res­i­dents drive ve­hi­cles that are 0.7 per cent less fuel-ef­fi­cient, on av­er­age, than their ur­ban coun­ter­parts, re­flect­ing the greater preva­lence of large pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles with six or more cylin­ders and older model ve­hi­cles in re­gional Aus­tralia.

Av­er­age weekly household ex­pen­di­ture on mo­tor ve­hi­cle fuel is in fact much higher in ru­ral ar­eas at $65, than it is for the av­er­age Aus­tralian household at $47. Po­ten­tial con­trib­u­tors to this higher spend in­clude ru­ral house­holds fac­ing higher fuel prices and usu­ally trav­el­ling greater dis­tances than peo­ple in the city.

Based on the 2016 Cen­sus of Mo­tor Ve­hi­cles, petrol ve­hi­cles com­prise about 87 per cent of the stock of pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles, com­pared to 11 per cent for diesel ve­hi­cles and two per cent for LPG or hy­brid ve­hi­cles.

Aus­tralia’s diesel ve­hi­cle fleet is rel­a­tively new, with 52 per cent of diesel ve­hi­cles man­u­fac­tured in 2011 or af­ter, com­pared to 29 per cent of petrol ve­hi­cles. While post2000-model diesel ve­hi­cles tend to be more fuel ef­fi­cient than post2000-model petrol ve­hi­cles, for older pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles, av­er­age rates of fuel con­sump­tion are sig­nif­i­cantly higher for diesel ve­hi­cles than for petrol ve­hi­cles (12.2 litres per 100km ver­sus 10.9 litres per 100km).

At the time of the 2016 Cen­sus of Mo­tor Ve­hi­cles, about 20 per cent of pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles were man­u­fac­tured in 2000 or ear­lier, while 49 per cent were man­u­fac­tured be­tween 2001 and 2010, and 31 per cent were man­u­fac­tured dur­ing or af­ter 2011.

It was ex­pected that a more ur­banised ju­ris­dic­tion with a higher pro­por­tion of travel within cities would have higher rates of fuel con­sump­tion due to more stop-start driv­ing. How­ever, the ACT is the most ur­banised ju­ris­dic­tion and has the high­est pro­por­tion of kilo­me­tres driven within the cap­i­tal city (73 per cent), but has the low­est av­er­age rate of fuel con­sump­tion for pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles (9.7 litres per 100km).

Western Aus­tralia also has a high pro­por­tion of km driven within the cap­i­tal city (71 per cent), but it has a slightly above-av­er­age rate of fuel con­sump­tion for pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles at 10.7 litres per 100km.

Peo­ple in Can­berra spend just over $200 a week on own­ing and op­er­at­ing their ve­hi­cles and more than mo­torists in any other state or ter­ri­tory, but Mel­bur­ni­ans are also spend­ing more than $160 a week on av­er­age.

Be­low: The av­er­age rate of fuel con­sump­tion of light com­mer­cial ve­hi­cles has grad­u­ally de­clined be­tween 2000 and 2016

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