Malaria

Australian Health Today - - Aht Travel -

Malaria is a par­a­sitic dis­ease trans­mit­ted by mos­qui­toes in a range of overseas coun­tries. There are 5 dif­fer­ent species of malaria par­a­site that can cause dis­ease in peo­ple.

Symp­toms of malaria in­clude:

• headache

• fever

• chills

• fa­tigue

• nau­sea and vom­it­ing

In some cases, in­fec­tion can lead to se­vere ill­ness (coma, seizures, anaemia, breath­ing dif­fi­cul­ties) and may be fa­tal if not treated ap­pro­pri­ately.

Pre­ven­tion:

Al­ways speak to your travel GP at least 6 weeks be­fore you travel overseas. Preg­nant women should not travel to re­gions where malaria is present, and par­ents should avoid tak­ing young chil­dren to ar­eas where there is a sub­stan­tial risk of in­fec­tion. If travel can­not be avoided, it is im­por­tant to take anti-malar­ial med­i­ca­tion to pre­vent in­fec­tion. Your travel doc­tor will ad­vise you if this treat­ment is nec­es­sary and can pro­vide rec­om­men­da­tions on the best anti-malar­ial treat­ment for your des­ti­na­tion and length of time away.

Risk re­gions:

The risk of in­fec­tion is par­tic­u­larly high if you are trav­el­ing to Africa, Cen­tral and South­ern Amer­ica, the Pa­cific or south-east Asian coun­tries such as Cam­bo­dia, Laos, Myan­mar and south­ern Viet­nam. The risk of in­fec­tion re­mains sub­stan­tial in a num­ber of other pop­u­lar travel des­ti­na­tions in Asia, Cen­tral and South Amer­ica.

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