REDUCE INFLAMMATION WITH COCOA POWDER
Cocoa powder is low in fat, low in sugar, and abundant in polyphenolic compounds and antioxidants also found in green tea and red wine. Joshua D Lambert, from Penn State (Pennsylvania, USA), and colleagues investigated effect of cocoa powder supplementation on obesityrelated inflammation in high fatfed obese mice. Mice that were fed cocoa with a highfat diet experienced less obesityrelated inflammation than mice fed the same highfat diet without the supplement, said Joshua Lambert, associate professor of food science. The mice ate the human equivalent of 10 tablespoons of cocoa powder about four or five cups of hot cocoa during a 10week period. The researchers reported that several indicators of inflammation and diabetes in the mice that were fed the cocoa supplement were much lower than the mice that were fed the highfat diet without the cocoa powder and almost identical to the ones found that were fed a lowfat diet in the control group. For example, they had about 27% lower plasma insulin levels than the mice that were not fed cocoa. Further, the cocoa powder supplement also reduced the levels of liver triglycerides in mice by a little more than 32%. The study authors write that: “Dietary supplementation with cocoa ameliorates obesityrelated inflammation, insulin resistance, and fatty liver disease principally through the downregulation of proinflammatory gene expression in WAT. These effects appear to be mediated in part by a modulation of dietary fat absorption and inhibition of macrophage infiltration in [white adipose tissue].” Try adding a teaspoon of organic cocoa to your protein shake or cup of morning coffee. Not only does it taste great but helps prevent inflammation. Reference: Yeyi Gu, Shan Yu, Joshua D. Lambert. “Dietary cocoa ameliorates obesityrelated inflammation in high fatfed mice.” European Journal of Nutrition, March 2013.