HEALTH BENEFITS OF A VEGETARIAN DIET

Australian Natural Bodz - - Nutrition Knowledge Centre -

Fol­low­ing a plant-based diet may help to lower not only a per­son’s risk of death, but their chances of suc­cumb­ing to dis­eases as well. Michael J. Or­lich, from Loma Linda Univer­sity (Cal­i­for­nia, USA), and col­leagues ex­am­ined death rates in a group of 73,308 men and women par­tic­i­pat­ing in the Ad­ven­tist Health Study 2, who were fol­lowed for an av­er­age of nearly 6 years. The study subjects were iden­ti­fied as be­long­ing to one of five groups: non­vegetarian, semi­vegetarian, pesco­vegetarian (con­sum­ing seafood, but not meat), lacto­ovo­vegetarian (con­sum­ing dairy and eggs), and ve­gan (no an­i­mal prod­ucts). Dur­ing the study pe­riod, 2570 deaths oc­curred, yield­ing an over­all mor­tal­ity rate of six deaths per 1000 per­son years. The data re­vealed “sig­nif­i­cant as­so­ci­a­tions with vegetarian diet… for car­dio­vas­cu­lar mor­tal­ity, non­car­dio­vas­cu­lar non­cancer mor­tal­ity, re­nal mor­tal­ity, and en­docrine mor­tal­ity.” These as­so­ci­a­tions were larger and more of­ten sig­nif­i­cant in men, as they were in women. The study au­thors con­clude that: “Vegetarian diets are as­so­ci­ated with lower all­cause mor­tal­ity and with some re­duc­tions in cause­spe­cific mor­tal­ity. Re­sults ap­peared to be more ro­bust in males. These favourable as­so­ci­a­tions should be con­sid­ered care­fully by those of­fer­ing di­etary guid­ance.” Ref­er­ence: Michael J. Or­lich, Pramil N Singh, Joan Sa­bate, Karen Jaceldo­Siegl, Jing Fan, Syn­nove Knut­sen, W. Lawrence Bee­son, Gary E. Fraser. ege­tar­ian Di­etary Pat­terns and Mor­tal­ity in Ad­ven­tist Health Study 2 JAMA In­tern Med., June 3, 2013.

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