EX­CESS SU­GAR IN­CREASES RISK OF DEATH

Australian Natural Bodz - - Nutrition Knowledge Centre -

Sources of added su­gar in the diet in­clude su­gar-sweet­ened bev­er­ages, grain-based desserts, fruit drinks, dairy desserts and candy. The Amer­i­can Heart As­so­ci­a­tion sets a limit for added sug­ars at 100 calo­ries per day for women and 150 calo­ries per day for men. Quanhe Yang, from the US Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol & Preven­tion (CDC; Ge­or­gia, USA), and col­leagues ex­am­ined data col­lected from the Na­tional Health & Nu­tri­tion Ex­am­i­na­tion Sur­vey (NHANES) III, in­volv­ing over 31,000 sub­jects. The team found that adults re­ceived an aver­age of 16% of their calo­ries from added sug­ars be­tween 1988 and 1994. That in­creased to about 17% be­tween 1999 and 2004, but fell to about 15% be­tween 2005 and 2010. Dur­ing the 2005 to 2010 span, about 71% of U.S. adults were get­ting 10% or more of their calo­ries from added sug­ars. About 10% were get­ting at least 25% of their calo­ries from added sug­ars. The re­searchers also looked at data on 11,733 people en­rolled in the NHANES III Linked Mor­tal­ity study, who were asked about their di­ets in the early study years and were tracked through 2006. Over about 15 years, 831 died of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­eases. The sub­jects who re­ceived be­tween 10 and 25% of their calo­ries from added su­gar were 30% more likely to die of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease dur­ing that time, as Com­pared to people who re­ceived less than 10% of their daily calo­ries from added su­gar. Those who re­ceived 25% or more of their calo­ries from added su­gar were more than twice as likely to die of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease. Ob­serv­ing that: “Most US adults con­sume more added su­gar than is rec­om­mended for a healthy diet,” the study au­thors warn that: “We ob­served a sig­nif­i­cant re­la­tion­ship be­tween added su­gar con­sump­tion and in­creased risk for [car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease] mor­tal­ity.” Ref­er­ence: Quanhe Yang; Ze­feng Zhang; Ed­ward W. Gregg; W. Dana Flan­ders; Robert Mer­ritt; Frank B. Hu. “Added Su­gar In­take and Car­dio­vas­cu­lar Dis­eases Mor­tal­ity Among US Adults.” JAMA In­tern Med., Fe­bru­ary 3, 2014.

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