Full-scale Ger­man at­tacks start again

The An­zac Com­mem­o­ra­tive Work­ing Party is con­tribut­ing a reg­u­lar col­umn — Coo-ee — out­lin­ing what was hap­pen­ing in Be­nalla and in World War I, 100 years ago.

Benalla Ensign - - News -

This week, 100 years ago, saw re­sump­tion of fight­ing on most fronts.

Dur­ing win­ter’s worst, both sides had limited them­selves to raid­ing.

Some raids had been large, but this week saw a re­sump­tion of full-scale Ger­man at­tacks in the Pass­chen­daele and Chemin des Dames re­gions, French at­tacks in the Cham­pagne re­gion and Aus­trian at­tacks on the Asi­ago front.

Leon Trot­sky, For­eign Af­fairs Com­mis­sar, an­nounced that Rus­sia was no longer at war with Ger­many and Aus­tro-Hun­gary.

A treaty would be ne­go­ti­ated even­tu­ally.

How­ever, Trot­sky or­dered im­me­di­ate de­mo­bil­i­sa­tion of Rus­sia’s army.

De­spite Ger­man re­newal of an of­fen­sive against the Rus­sians just three days from to­day, the Great War was over for Rus­sia. The Rus­sians fell back, un­will­ing to fight fur­ther.

How­ever, the Rus­sian Civil War was just get­ting un­der way.

Pre­vi­ously, Gen­eral Mikhail Alek­seyev had sent a tele­gram to the Tsar ad­vis­ing him to ab­di­cate the throne. This the Tsar had done. Dur­ing 1917, Alek­seyev had at­tempted to pre­vent the out­break of civil war by ar­rest­ing Kornilov and other far-right lead­ers.

Af­ter the Bol­she­vik Rev­o­lu­tion in Novem­ber 1917, it be­came clear what the Bol­she­viks in­tended.

Alek­seyev then formed units that be­came the core of the White Vol­un­teer Army.

This week he was de­feated in their first bat­tle with the Reds.

He died of a heart at­tack eight weeks later.

Gen­eral Kaledin, com­mand­ing an­other White army, the Don Cos­sack Army, was de­feated af­ter the dread­ful win­ter Ice March.

Los­ing hope, he com­mit­ted sui­cide this week.

This week also saw the tor­pe­do­ing of USS Tus­ca­nia off the Irish coast by UB-77, a Ger­man sub­ma­rine.

This was the first ship car­ry­ing Amer­i­can troops to be tor­pe­doed, 210 sol­diers and crew died.

In Be­nalla, this week, saw the first re­port of deaths in the area from Span­ish flu.

Mal­colm Allen, an 18-year-old draper’s as­sis­tant died in Mooroopna Hos­pi­tal af­ter a 10-day ill­ness.

De­spite ducks be­ing plen­ti­ful on lo­cal swamps and wa­ter­ways, bags of ducks from the Bro­ken river and Win­ton swamp were poor.

In these there was too much water.

Dur­ing re­cent years there had been re­peated col­li­sions be­tween mo­tor­cars and trains at the Nunn St cross­ing and at the Rowan St cross­ing in Wan­garatta.

Wan­garatta Bor­ough Coun­cil this week joined Be­nalla Shire Coun­cil in call­ing for an over­pass or sub­way to be built to re­place their town’s most dan­ger­ous cross­ing.

In time, Rowan St would get a sub­way or un­der­pass; Nunn St is still wait­ing.

In Be­nalla Mag­is­trates Court this week James Sher­will was fined $4 for fail­ing to dip his sheep im­me­di­ately af­ter shear­ing.

The sheep were found to be tick in­fested.

A fire de­stroyed a house and its con­tents at the cor­ner of Charles and Deas Sts.

The oc­cu­pants, a mother and child, es­caped.

— John Barry, AN­ZAC Com­mem­o­ra­tive Work­ing Party, Coo-ee

— Hon­our­ing our WWIheroes

Gen­eral Kaledin

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