Final attack begins The Anzac Commemorative Working Party is contributing a regular column — Coo-ee — outlining what was happening in Benalla and in World War I, 100 years ago.
Observation balloon crews had worn parachutes, ready for use, since the outbreak of war.
However, it was initially judged that pilots would lack aggressive spirit if they were issued with parachutes.
Today, 100 years ago, this device saved the lives of pilots for the first time.
Using parachutes, two German aircrew jumped safely from an observation plane that had been shot down.
This week, French, British and Empire troops began the last great attack of the war — the Hundred Days Offensive.
Using tactics learned from German sturmtruppen, Allied armies on the Western Front began ‘‘peaceful penetration’’.
This was large-scale trench raiding in which the raiders attacked, but did not retreat from any ground that they captured.
By early November 1918, ‘‘peaceful penetration’’ would force the Germans back to the Hindenberg Line, their final defensive line.
Storming German lines that had been overstretched during the Michael Offensive, soldiers during the Hundred Days Offensive began to see attacks over open ground.
Haig finally got to use his divisions of cavalry that had sat uselessly behind Allied lines for four years, awaiting a breakthrough.
This week saw passenger steamer the SS small Wim- mera sunk by a German mine north of New Zealand en route to Australia.
Twenty-six Australians lost their lives, 135 passengers and crew survived.
Llandovery Castle, a Canadian hospital ship, was torpedoed this week off southern Ireland by U86.
Life boats of the survivors were then machine-gunned by the crew of the surfaced submarine.
This was to destroy all evidence that the submarine had unlawfully attacked a hospital ship.
Only 24 people in one life boat survived of the 258 on board.
Officers of the submarine were later tried in Leipzig for war crimes in 1921. The captain fled extradition to Danzig. The other officers escaped on appeal because the German court held that they were just following their captain’s orders.
In Britain, John Gough was charged under the Defence of the Realm Regulations with neglecting cultivation of his farm.
In addition to a $20 fine and $100 in costs, Gough’s farm of 200 acres was declared forfeit without compensation.
He had occupied the farm for 20 years.
Meanwhile, engineers from Wangaratta and Victorian Railways examined encroachment of the King River towards the Whitfield railway at Edi this week.
It was hoped that steps could be taken to protect the railway.
Advertisements for weekly movies held in the Shire Hall made it clear that soldiers in uniform or those wearing the returned soldier’s badge would be admitted without charge.
This week, despite cold, wet weather, more than 200 people crowded a decorated Warrenbayne Hall to welcome Ser- geant Lou Hyland, a Gallipoli veteran, home from the front with a concert, speeches and supper. — John Barry, ANZAC Commemorative Working Party, Coo-ee — Honouring our WWIheroes
The majority of Australians are touched by the impact of mental health in some way.
Many live with the daily burden of anxiety or depression, or care for a loved one.
Devastatingly, thousands of Australians die by suicide each year and many more make an attempt.
It is the leading cause of death for Australians between 15 and 44 years of age, but it can be prevented.
There are thousands of people working tirelessly to make a difference in this field and their efforts could not be more urgent.
Anyone who knows of such a person would no doubt appreciate their achievements, but I would encourage them to take it one step further and nominate them for the Australian Mental Health Prize.
The prize was established to acknowledge those who are doing innovative work in this area, whether they are involved in the industry as a vocation or are advocates because they have been touched by mental illness.
Acknowledging those who work or volunteer in the industry is an important part of the process to destigmatising mental illness.
Nominations are now open and I urge people to nominate people in your area.
More information and nomination forms can be obtained from www.australian mentalhealthprize.org.au Entries close on September 7. For those who are living with the burden of mental illness every day, thank you for your support.
— Ita Buttrose AOOBE, Australian Mental Health Prize Advisory Group chair
●Nominate for prize
Lifeline 131 114, beyondblue 1300 224 636.
The Hospital Ship