Fi­nal at­tack be­gins The An­zac Com­mem­o­ra­tive Work­ing Party is con­tribut­ing a reg­u­lar column — Coo-ee — out­lin­ing what was hap­pen­ing in Be­nalla and in World War I, 100 years ago.

Benalla Ensign - - News -

Ob­ser­va­tion bal­loon crews had worn para­chutes, ready for use, since the out­break of war.

How­ever, it was ini­tially judged that pilots would lack ag­gres­sive spirit if they were is­sued with para­chutes.

To­day, 100 years ago, this de­vice saved the lives of pilots for the first time.

Us­ing para­chutes, two Ger­man air­crew jumped safely from an ob­ser­va­tion plane that had been shot down.

This week, French, Bri­tish and Em­pire troops be­gan the last great at­tack of the war — the Hun­dred Days Of­fen­sive.

Us­ing tac­tics learned from Ger­man sturmtrup­pen, Al­lied armies on the West­ern Front be­gan ‘‘peace­ful pen­e­tra­tion’’.

This was large-scale trench raid­ing in which the raiders at­tacked, but did not re­treat from any ground that they cap­tured.

By early Novem­ber 1918, ‘‘peace­ful pen­e­tra­tion’’ would force the Ger­mans back to the Hin­den­berg Line, their fi­nal de­fen­sive line.

Storm­ing Ger­man lines that had been over­stretched dur­ing the Michael Of­fen­sive, sol­diers dur­ing the Hun­dred Days Of­fen­sive be­gan to see at­tacks over open ground.

Haig fi­nally got to use his di­vi­sions of cav­alry that had sat use­lessly be­hind Al­lied lines for four years, await­ing a break­through.

This week saw pas­sen­ger steamer the SS small Wim- mera sunk by a Ger­man mine north of New Zealand en route to Aus­tralia.

Twenty-six Aus­tralians lost their lives, 135 pas­sen­gers and crew sur­vived.

Llan­dovery Cas­tle, a Cana­dian hos­pi­tal ship, was tor­pe­doed this week off south­ern Ireland by U86.

Life boats of the survivors were then ma­chine-gunned by the crew of the sur­faced sub­ma­rine.

This was to de­stroy all ev­i­dence that the sub­ma­rine had un­law­fully at­tacked a hos­pi­tal ship.

Only 24 peo­ple in one life boat sur­vived of the 258 on board.

Of­fi­cers of the sub­ma­rine were later tried in Leipzig for war crimes in 1921. The cap­tain fled ex­tra­di­tion to Danzig. The other of­fi­cers es­caped on ap­peal be­cause the Ger­man court held that they were just fol­low­ing their cap­tain’s or­ders.

In Britain, John Gough was charged un­der the De­fence of the Realm Reg­u­la­tions with ne­glect­ing cul­ti­va­tion of his farm.

In ad­di­tion to a $20 fine and $100 in costs, Gough’s farm of 200 acres was de­clared for­feit with­out com­pen­sa­tion.

He had oc­cu­pied the farm for 20 years.

Mean­while, en­gi­neers from Wan­garatta and Vic­to­rian Rail­ways ex­am­ined en­croach­ment of the King River to­wards the Whit­field rail­way at Edi this week.

It was hoped that steps could be taken to pro­tect the rail­way.

Ad­ver­tise­ments for weekly movies held in the Shire Hall made it clear that sol­diers in uni­form or those wear­ing the re­turned sol­dier’s badge would be ad­mit­ted with­out charge.

This week, de­spite cold, wet weather, more than 200 peo­ple crowded a dec­o­rated War­ren­bayne Hall to wel­come Ser- geant Lou Hy­land, a Gal­lipoli vet­eran, home from the front with a con­cert, speeches and sup­per. — John Barry, AN­ZAC Com­mem­o­ra­tive Work­ing Party, Coo-ee — Hon­our­ing our WWIheroes

The majority of Aus­tralians are touched by the im­pact of men­tal health in some way.

Many live with the daily burden of anx­i­ety or de­pres­sion, or care for a loved one.

Dev­as­tat­ingly, thou­sands of Aus­tralians die by sui­cide each year and many more make an at­tempt.

It is the lead­ing cause of death for Aus­tralians between 15 and 44 years of age, but it can be pre­vented.

There are thou­sands of peo­ple work­ing tire­lessly to make a dif­fer­ence in this field and their ef­forts could not be more ur­gent.

Any­one who knows of such a per­son would no doubt ap­pre­ci­ate their achieve­ments, but I would en­cour­age them to take it one step fur­ther and nom­i­nate them for the Aus­tralian Men­tal Health Prize.

The prize was es­tab­lished to ac­knowl­edge those who are do­ing in­no­va­tive work in this area, whether they are in­volved in the in­dus­try as a vo­ca­tion or are ad­vo­cates be­cause they have been touched by men­tal ill­ness.

Ac­knowl­edg­ing those who work or vol­un­teer in the in­dus­try is an im­por­tant part of the process to des­tig­ma­tis­ing men­tal ill­ness.

Nom­i­na­tions are now open and I urge peo­ple to nom­i­nate peo­ple in your area.

More in­for­ma­tion and nom­i­na­tion forms can be ob­tained from www.aus­tralian men­tal­health­prize.org.au En­tries close on Septem­ber 7. For those who are liv­ing with the burden of men­tal ill­ness ev­ery day, thank you for your sup­port.

— Ita But­trose AOOBE, Aus­tralian Men­tal Health Prize Ad­vi­sory Group chair

●Nom­i­nate for prize

Life­line 131 114, be­yond­blue 1300 224 636.

The Hos­pi­tal Ship

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