Look­ing back at red ter­ror

Benalla Ensign - - Front Page -

Peters­burg’s Cheka, Cheka head­quar­ters.

Kan­negisser sought to avenge Urit­sky’s ex­e­cu­tion of his lover.

In re­tal­i­a­tion for th­ese at­tacks, Cheka head Felix Dz­erzhin­sky un­leashed red ter­ror.

No-one was ex­empt. Sus­pi­cion of sup­port­ing a party on the left, like the So­cial Rev­o­lu­tion­ar­ies or the An­ar­chists or on the right, such as the Cadets, was enough.

There was no trial. Within two months 15 000 peo­ple had been shot.

As Lenin re­cov­ered, the Cheka be­gan to ap­ply red ter­ror to the Bol­she­viks’ op­po­nents in the Civil War.

For ex­am­ple, 50 000 white pris­on­ers who fought un­der Wrangel had been promised amnesty.

They would be sum­mar­ily shot at the end of 1920.

This week the Aus­tralian Sec­ond Di­vi­son crossed the Somme river and be­fore day­break climbed up across open ground to­wards the vil­lage of Mont St Quentin.

The vil­lage was the last Ger­man strong­hold in the Somme area.

The bat­tal­ions on the right yelled and screamed as a dis­trac­tion while bat­tal­ions in the cen­tre and on the left at­tacked with bay­o­nets and ri­fle grenades.

Two hours later, Mont St Quentin was in Aus­tralian hands. out­side

Five Ger­man di­vi­sions were in re­treat.

The next day, Aus­tralians broke through Ger­man lines and cap­tured Pe´ronne.

A counter-at­tack on Mont St Quentin and Pe´ronne was in­evitable.

The out­num­bered Aus­tralians were pushed out of Mont St Quentin be­fore Aus­tralian re­in­force­ments helped in the vil­lage’s re-cap­ture.

Two days later, the Aus­tralians fi­nally forced Ger­man forces out of Pe´ronne and con­tin­ued to ad­vance.

Gen­eral Rawl­in­son, Fourth Army’s com­man­der, de­scribed th­ese ac­tions as the great­est achieve­ment of the war.

This week, Isaac Hart, or­gan­iser of the newly founded Vic­to­rian Farm­ers’ Union (after­wards the Coun­try Party) held meet­ings in the Be­nalla area.

Th­ese well-at­tended meet­ings were at Taminick, Thoona, Gooram­bat, Devenish and Be­nalla.

In Be­nalla’s County Court, John Coish sued John Ack­er­ley for tres­pass.

His very or­di­nary bull had wan­dered and had im­preg­nated one of Coish’s pedi­gree cows.

The re­sult­ing calf was worth $198 less be­cause of this.

— John Barry, AN­ZAC Com­mem­o­ra­tive Work­ing Party, Coo-ee — Hon­our­ing our WWI


Felix Dz­erzhin­sky

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