Looking back at red terror
Petersburg’s Cheka, Cheka headquarters.
Kannegisser sought to avenge Uritsky’s execution of his lover.
In retaliation for these attacks, Cheka head Felix Dzerzhinsky unleashed red terror.
No-one was exempt. Suspicion of supporting a party on the left, like the Social Revolutionaries or the Anarchists or on the right, such as the Cadets, was enough.
There was no trial. Within two months 15 000 people had been shot.
As Lenin recovered, the Cheka began to apply red terror to the Bolsheviks’ opponents in the Civil War.
For example, 50 000 white prisoners who fought under Wrangel had been promised amnesty.
They would be summarily shot at the end of 1920.
This week the Australian Second Divison crossed the Somme river and before daybreak climbed up across open ground towards the village of Mont St Quentin.
The village was the last German stronghold in the Somme area.
The battalions on the right yelled and screamed as a distraction while battalions in the centre and on the left attacked with bayonets and rifle grenades.
Two hours later, Mont St Quentin was in Australian hands. outside
Five German divisions were in retreat.
The next day, Australians broke through German lines and captured Pe´ronne.
A counter-attack on Mont St Quentin and Pe´ronne was inevitable.
The outnumbered Australians were pushed out of Mont St Quentin before Australian reinforcements helped in the village’s re-capture.
Two days later, the Australians finally forced German forces out of Pe´ronne and continued to advance.
General Rawlinson, Fourth Army’s commander, described these actions as the greatest achievement of the war.
This week, Isaac Hart, organiser of the newly founded Victorian Farmers’ Union (afterwards the Country Party) held meetings in the Benalla area.
These well-attended meetings were at Taminick, Thoona, Goorambat, Devenish and Benalla.
In Benalla’s County Court, John Coish sued John Ackerley for trespass.
His very ordinary bull had wandered and had impregnated one of Coish’s pedigree cows.
The resulting calf was worth $198 less because of this.
— John Barry, ANZAC Commemorative Working Party, Coo-ee — Honouring our WWI