ISTANBUL, THE GOLDEN HORN AND BOSPHORUS STRAIT
Istanbul famously straddles the continents of Europe and Asia, and is separated by the Bosphorus Strait, an important body of water that separates “East” from “West”. It’s a crucial international waterway, connecting Russia and Eastern Europe to much of Western Europe via this passage from the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, and on towards the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea.
The “Golden Horn” refers to an inlet near the base of the Bosphorus, which divides the oldest parts of Istanbul. The historic southern peninsula comprises what was known as Constantinople, or the “Old City”, while the northern crop is known as the European part of Istanbul.