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Breast can­cer

BREAST can­cer is the most com­mon can­cer among Aus­tralian women, with one in eight expected to de­velop the con­di­tion in their life­time.

In 2012, about 15,000 women were expected to be di­ag­nosed with breast can­cer in Aus­tralia. Ev­ery day, on av­er­age, seven women die from breast can­cer in Aus­tralia. One of the big­gest risk fac­tors is age, with more than two-thirds of cases in women aged 40–69.

Men are also at risk of breast can­cer but only con­sti­tute 1% of all di­ag­nosed.

Breast can­cer de­vel­ops when cells in the breast grow ab­nor­mally and mul­ti­ply; these cells can spread to other ar­eas of the body.

Symp­toms of breast can­cer in­clude lumpi­ness or thick­en­ing of the breast, change in the shape of the nip­ple; any dis­charge from the nip­ple (blood­stained or clear) that oc­curs with­out squeez­ing, changes in the skin, size or shape of the breast, and un­usual, per­sis­tent pain not as­so­ci­ated with the monthly cy­cle and only oc­cur­ring in one breast.

For more in­for­ma­tion nbcf.org.au or speak to your GP.

Prostate can­cer

EACH year, about 3300 Aus­tralian men die of prostate can­cer, equal to the num­ber of women who die from breast can­cer. About 20,000 new cases are di­ag­nosed an­nu­ally. One in 11 men in Aus­tralia will de­velop prostate can­cer by the age of 70, with the risk in­creas­ing af­ter the age of 50 but younger men with a fam­ily his­tory are also at high risk.

The prostate is an or­gan form­ing part of the male re­pro­duc­tive sys­tem and is lo­cated im­me­di­ately be­low the blad­der and just in front of the bowel. Prostate can­cer oc­curs when some cells in the prostate re­pro­duce more quickly than nor­mal, caus­ing a tu­mour. The can­cer can spread to other parts of the body and once es­caped from the prostate, treat­ment is pos­si­ble but a cure be­comes im­pos­si­ble.

Symp­toms in­clude wak­ing fre­quently at night to uri­nate, sud­den or ur­gent need to uri­nate, dif­fi­culty in start­ing to uri­nate and slow flow and dif­fi­culty stop­ping.

For more in­for­ma­tion prostate.org.au or speak to your GP.

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