WHAT IS DE­PRES­SION?

Central and North Burnett Times - - HAVE THE TIME OF YOUR LIFE... 50+ -

Dif­fer­ent types of de­pres­sion of­ten have slightly dif­fer­ent symp­toms and may re­quire dif­fer­ent treat­ments. Sev­eral men­tal health dis­or­ders have de­pres­sion as a key fea­ture, in­clud­ing ma­jor de­pres­sive dis­or­der, bipo­lar dis­or­der, dys­thymic dis­or­der, cy­clothymic dis­or­ders and sea­sonal af­fec­tive dis­or­der.

De­pres­sion is not just feel­ing sad

While we all feel sad, moody or ‘low’ from time to time, some peo­ple ex­pe­ri­ence th­ese feel­ings in­tensely for long pe­ri­ods of time (weeks, months or even years) and some­times with­out any ap­par­ent rea­son. De­pres­sion is more than just a low mood – it’s a se­ri­ous ill­ness that has an im­pact on both phys­i­cal and men­tal health. On aver­age, one in six peo­ple – one in five women and one in six men – will ex­pe­ri­ence de­pres­sion at some stage of their lives.

Life events

Re­search sug­gests that con­tin­u­ing dif­fi­cul­ties – such as long-term un­em­ploy­ment, liv­ing in an abu­sive or un­car­ing re­la­tion­ship, long-term iso­la­tion or lone­li­ness, or pro­longed ex­po­sure to stress at work – are more likely to cause de­pres­sion than re­cent life stresses. How­ever, re­cent events (such as los­ing a job) or a com­bi­na­tion of events can trig­ger de­pres­sion in peo­ple who are al­ready at risk be­cause of past bad ex­pe­ri­ences or per­sonal fac­tors.

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