Opcode Systems Studio Vision (1990)
The direct ancestors of many of today’s DAWs first appeared as MIDI sequencers in the 1980s, including Logic, Cubase, and Sonar. Among the most popular developers was Opcode Systems Inc, who released a number of MIDI sequencers throughout the decade, culminating in Vision in 1989.
Opcode’s biggest sequencer breakthrough would come in 1990. Initially called Audio Vision, Studio Vision was the first computer-based hybrid MIDI and audio workstation that could be recognised as a forerunner of the modern DAW. Like Sound Tools, Studio Vision required Digidesign’s digital audio accelerator card. Unlike Digidesign’s products, though, Studio Vision combined MIDI and audio tracks in a single cohesive interface. This allowed users to playback digital audio recordings in sync with their MIDI sequences.