ON THIS DAY
US constitution signed.
Holey dollars are withdrawn from circulation, making way for the pound sterling.
The first Australian International Exhibition, to showcase its products, opens in Sydney in a grand ceremony at the specially built Garden Palace, in what is now the Domain.
Queen Victoria signs document to create the Commonwealth of Australia.
Andrew Fisher’s Labor federal ministry is elected and sworn in, making him prime minister for the third time.
The first longplaying record to rotate at 33 1/3 rpm is demonstrated by the RCA Victor company at the Savoy Plaza Hotel, New York.
Prime minister Robert Menzies opens Australia’s first uranium treatment plant, at Rum Jungle in the Northern Territory.
The Downunder Backpackers’ Hostel in Kings Cross is destroyed by an arsonist’s fire. Six people die and more than 20 others are injured. A 31-year-old man, Gregory Allan Brown, is convicted of manslaughter. Coroner Kevin Waller later finds that “just about everybody’’ involved, including Sydney City Council, was negligent. Brown will be released from jail in 2009.
Australian Matt Shirvington, 19, runs 100m in 10.03sec at the Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, breaking his own Australian record but coming fourth.
British writer and television presenter Paula Yates (pictured above) is found dead at 41 in her London home of an accidental drug overdose.