Kojima’s early exposure to film has been widely reported: his father would pay for him to go to the movies alone, on the proviso that he buy the programme and discuss the film upon his return. These cinematic roots are not apparent in the designer’s earliest work. After successfully completing his first title – an action game called Yume Tairiku ( Penguin Adventure, in Europe) – Kojima became lead game designer on wrestling title Masked Fighter. Shortly afterwards, the game was turned into an Indiana Jones-type adventure titled Lost World. After six months of work, this project too was cancelled. It was a blow that led to Kojima being assigned to the game that would become the first Metal Gear, which he redefined as a stealth infiltration game. While Kojima is best known for this long and storied cinematic series, there are other rare jewels in his oeuvre, such as the cyberpunk adventure games Snatcher and Policenauts, and Boktai, a handheld game that uses solar energy to charge the protagonist’s gun.