Key facts: Avian in­fluenza

Field and Game - - VIRUS RESEARCH - Source; World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion

• Avian in­fluenza (AIV), com­monly called bird flu, is an in­fec­tious vi­ral dis­ease of birds.

Most Avian In­fluenza viruses do not in­fect hu­mans; how­ever, some, such as A(H5N1) and A(H7N9), have caused se­ri­ous in­fec­tions in peo­ple.

Out­breaks of AI in poul­try may raise global pub­lic health con­cerns due to their effect on poul­try pop­u­la­tions, their po­ten­tial to cause se­ri­ous dis­ease in peo­ple, and their pan­demic po­ten­tial.

Re­ports of highly path­o­genic AIV epi­demics in poul­try, such as A(H5N1), can se­ri­ously im­pact lo­cal and global economies and in­ter­na­tional trade.

The ma­jor­ity of hu­man cases of A(H5N1) and A(H7N9) in­fec­tion have been as­so­ci­ated with di­rect or in­di­rect con­tact with in­fected live or dead poul­try.

There is no ev­i­dence the dis­ease can be spread to peo­ple through prop­erly cooked food. Con­trol­ling the dis­ease in an­i­mals is the first step in de­creas­ing risks to hu­mans.

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