ORAL HEALTH

Good Health (Australia) - - Good Health -

Lau­re­ate Pro­fes­sor Eric Reynolds is CEO and di­rec­tor of re­search at Oral Health CRC at the Univer­sity of Mel­bourne.

WHAT SHOULD WE KNOW?

We now know that the mouth con­tains ben­e­fi­cial mi­crobes and dis­ease-caus­ing mi­crobes and the bal­ance be­tween them is crit­i­cal for oral and gen­eral health. Ge­netic, en­vi­ron­men­tal and life­style fac­tors, as well as poor oral hy­giene, can re­sult in an im­bal­ance and an emer­gence of dis­ease-caus­ing bac­te­ria. This can re­sult in chronic in­flam­ma­tion which de­stroys the tis­sues that sup­port the teeth, in­clud­ing the jaw bone. This oc­curs in about one in 10 adults.

Poor oral health is also now linked with an in­creased risk of heart at­tack and stroke, di­a­betes, cer­tain can­cers and rheuma­toid arthri­tis.

WHAT’S COM­ING OUR WAY?

We’ve iden­ti­fied a key bac­terium that can cause se­vere gum dis­ease. We’ve pro­duced a vac­cine that, in an­i­mal mod­els, switches this de­struc­tive im­mune re­sponse to a pro­tec­tive one that stops the dis­ease. Hu­man clin­i­cal tri­als are ex­pected to be­gin in 2018. #

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Australia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.