Can­cer and sex­ual health

Good Health (Australia) - - Sex­ual Health -

Gy­nae­co­log­i­cal can­cers are can­cers of the fe­male re­pro­duc­tive sys­tem. Here are two types that you should know about. Can­cer of the cervix is the sec­ond most com­mon can­cer ex­pe­ri­enced by women world­wide. Cer­vi­cal can­cer starts in the cervix, the lower, nar­row part of the uterus. It hap­pens when the cer­vi­cal cells di­vide very fast and grow out of con­trol.

Thanks to reg­u­lar screen­ing tests and vac­ci­na­tion, cer­vi­cal can­cer is now the most pre­ventable gy­nae­co­log­i­cal can­cer. It is also very cur­able when found and treated early.

What causes it? Al­most all cases of cer­vi­cal can­cer are caused by in­fec­tion with some types of HPV; this is the big­gest risk fac­tor for cer­vi­cal can­cer. The other main risk fac­tor for cer­vi­cal can­cer is smok­ing.

The HPV virus in­fects the sur­face cells of the gen­i­tal area in­clud­ing the cervix, vagina, vulva and anus, and can also cause vis­i­ble warts.

There are dif­fer­ent types of HPV and there are two types of cer­vi­cal can­cer vac­cines to pro­tect against these. For more in­for­ma­tion on cer­vi­cal can­cer and vac­ci­na­tion, visit jean­hailes.org.au. >

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