Cancer and sexual health
Gynaecological cancers are cancers of the female reproductive system. Here are two types that you should know about. Cancer of the cervix is the second most common cancer experienced by women worldwide. Cervical cancer starts in the cervix, the lower, narrow part of the uterus. It happens when the cervical cells divide very fast and grow out of control.
Thanks to regular screening tests and vaccination, cervical cancer is now the most preventable gynaecological cancer. It is also very curable when found and treated early.
What causes it? Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with some types of HPV; this is the biggest risk factor for cervical cancer. The other main risk factor for cervical cancer is smoking.
The HPV virus infects the surface cells of the genital area including the cervix, vagina, vulva and anus, and can also cause visible warts.
There are different types of HPV and there are two types of cervical cancer vaccines to protect against these. For more information on cervical cancer and vaccination, visit jeanhailes.org.au. >