DIABETES: TAKE FIVE
New research shows there are in fact five categories of diabetes, not just type 1 and type 2. The study, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, analysed data from four studies that followed almost 15,000 adults from Sweden and Finland, all of whom were newly diagnosed with diabetes. They looked at six factors representing the different features of diabetes, including age, BMI, long-term blood sugar control, insulin resistance and the presence of diabetes-related autoantibodies. From this, they then categorised diabetes under five new ‘clusters’, ranging from severe autoimmune diabetes – also known as type 1 diabetes – to severe insulin-deficient diabetes to mild age-related diabetes. More research is needed, but the study also noted the five clusters were “genetically distinct”, meaning there were no genetic mutations that were shared across all five clusters.