ExamplE8 oblique and contrary motion ENDINGS
We round things up with a pair of choice endings. each half of this example starts with a two-bar descending chord figure while the high tonic remains stationary. This is referred to as ‘oblique’ motion, where one part moves and another remains fixed. In the first variation the chord symbols are implied as there are no real bass notes. The second half of each idea consists of two bluesy clichés, one ascending and one descending; the clever twist is to play them at the same time. In the second variation the lines cross over, so a figure that was previously played in the treble ends up in the bass. While improvisation was at the heart of Joe’s playing, on occasion he relied upon the odd well-placed lick and this is a phrase to commit to memory and unveil when the time is right.