The tech in the $200K flagships will filter down rapidly to the mainstream
WHAT really makes life safer behind the wheel?
The authorities’ road toll reduction measures? Or the car companies’ advances in technology, which have done plenty to keep us alive, as well as comfortable and entertained?
The technology that rolls out in luxury limos is appearing on mainstream cars faster than ever before.
Stronger, lighter construction offsets the inclusion of the luxury and safety features and the stillheavy (but getting lighter) hybrid drivetrains, with the overall effect of using less fuel.
Long synonymous with safety, Mercedes-Benz brought in airbags, anti-lock brakes and stability control among other features. The S-Class introduced ABS in late 1978 (it became standard on passenger cars six years later).
Now it takes half that time for lower-cost models to include new tech.
With safety now a key selling point, Benz spokesman David McCarthy says the industry is working hard to implement active safety features.
“It goes beyond a (crash test) result — the reality is that where you will make the gains is the ability to avoid an accident,” he says. “Stability control can bring about a 30 per cent reduction in accidents.”
ALL AHEAD FULL
We’re testing three variations on a green theme — two V8s (Audi’s twin-turbo diesel and Lexus’s hybrid combo) and the diesel-electric Benz.
The S-Class’s powertrain is the most recent of the three, with the four-cylinder — sadly at odds with the regally serene ambience of the rest of the car — letting you know it’s a diesel. The noise apart, transitions between electric-only and assisted diesel are seamless.
In the S300, the GPS and satnav calculate the approaching topography and tailor the charging patterns to get the best fuel economy.
Lexus owns the luxury hybrid ground but its LS flagship is less about fuel economy and more about performance — hence the F‒Sport badges.
It’s all-wheel drive and there’s no shortage of go.
The continuously variable transmission (doubling as a generator) makes life for occupants smooth and refined, while still boosting the battery.
The Audi has the most conventional drivetrain here, the monster outputs of the V8 turning all four wheels via an eight-speed automatic. It’s a better example of a quiet, modern and frugal diesel, using two variable-geometry turbos to shove the two-tonne car to 100km/h in under 5 seconds.
MAKE IT SO
Among the rolling test beds for new construction methods, the Lexus shows its age. It uses some aluminium but more than half its body is high-tensile steel, which isn’t a bad thing until you hit the scales, as it’s the heaviest here.
Efforts to make the flagships lighter and stronger have paid dividends for Benz and Audi.
The latter uses a structure with 13 grades of aluminium that weighs just 231kg or, Audi says, 40 per cent lighter than a corresponding steel body. It’s all held together by 1847 punch rivets, 632 self-tapping screws and 202 weld points, as well as a “structural adhesive” — glue to you and me — at the bolted connections of the door pillars, which incidentally are hotrolled steel.
In the Benz’s hybrid body structure, more than half of the shell is made from lighter- weight alloy; the passenger cell is high-strength steel.
SAFE AS HOUSES
Don’t expect ANCAP crash rankings — the testing budgets only go so far — but as you’d expect, there are airbags galore, adaptive suspension and stability control.
These cars are the frontrunners on the accident prevention path. In each, the active cruise control uses radar and/or cameras to monitor traffic and obstacles ahead, either braking to avoid or bracing to lessen the impact if the driver fails to act.
The German machines detect pedestrians or large animals — day or night. The increased range of vision would be a welcome addition to any country driver’s night-time arsenal.
The trio’s LED headlights mask or dim individual LEDs as an antidazzle measure if other traffic is detected.
Audi’s headlights team up with the optional infra-red night vision — a pedestrian is highlighted for the driver and the LEDs also blink quickly three times to further warn the driver and the pedestrian.
Lane departure and blind spot warning have long progressed from these flagships to the sub-$50,000 segment. The Benz’s driver assistance actively steers the car to keep it in the lane (even to the extent of fighting crosswinds), beeping at the driver to refocus attention.
This is where the fat-cats really get the best bits — and taking it all in from the back seat isn’t the best point of view as the driver is spoilt for information and capability.
The S-Class is a magic carpet ride in Comfort mode, wafting along broken bitumen with regal indifference; Sport mode tightens up the haunches but not to the detriment of ride quality.
The Lexus feels hefty but the addition of active anti-roll bars improves ride quality and body control. The big V8 hybrid now hunts along a winding back road with greater composure. Neither hybrid’s road manners are as impeccable as the Audi.