B R E&A S T OVARIAN CANCER
Women will have access to a free mammogram every two years from age 50 to 74, though your GP may recommend one at 45 if you present with anything that requires caution. It’s also important to self-check your breasts. Visit Breastcancer.org.au for a demo.
Ovarian cancer is most common in women over 50 or who have gone through menopause. Other risk factors include reaching puberty before 12 and menopause after 50; not having children or having them over the age of 30; endometriosis; or being overweight. The symptoms are similar to many other issues women experience: pelvic or abdominal pain, increased abdominal size or persistent abdominal bloating, and needing to urinate often or urgently.
If you have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, talk to a GP. With improved classification of cancer types, it’s now known the major risk genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, are mainly associated with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC). Women who carry this gene may not develop ovarian cancer, but the chances are high and there’s a risk of developing other cancers like breast cancer.