LEGAL CONCEPT 2: LEGISLATION, CASE LAW, AND PRECEDENT
Legislation is what we generally think of as ‘law’ – bills voted on by the House of Representatives and the Senate that codify what is permissible or prohibited conduct. Case law is what happens when those laws are actually applied to facts in court cases that are brought before judges. Those judges, in interpreting legislation, create precedent, which is binding on lower courts, but can be overridden by higher courts or by newly-created legislation.
In the context of this article, the IGA is the relevant legislation, but since nobody’s actually sued anybody over esports gambling yet, nobody is sure yet how the IGA actually applies to the field – there isn’t any case law to guide the way.