Still life techniques
Peter Chan shares his approach to painting indoor still life – a great way to become comfortable with the medium and get you ready for plein air studies
Peter Chan shares his approach.
Peter is originally from Taiwan, but now lives in Los Angeles where he works at Sony Pictures Animation. Previously he was at Pandemic Studios as a concept artist, and at DreamWorks Animation where he was a visual developer. You can see more of his work on his blog, www.pixelp.tumblr.com.
There’s nothing I love better than being outdoors painting the world around me, but it was definitely a struggle for me when I first started using gouache. Working with an unfamiliar paint medium, the complexity of the scene and the ever-changing light can be intimidating. And that’s why setting up a small-scale, basic still life in the comfort of your home can be a good way to work on the art fundamentals and build up your confidence before heading out
You’ll know better than anyone the variety of props with different shapes and colours that are in your home, and for some artists like myself they provide a constant source of inspiration. Working on these still life exercises under a consistent light source means you can take your time to work on your observational skills, noticing the relationships between shapes, light and colours, which is crucial for painting outdoors.
One of the ways I like to set up my still life is finding objects with a clear difference in value structure and put them under a single light source, such as a desk lamp. In this article I have my toy figure with about a medium value, a small black speaker which is my darkest value and a white piece of board as my highest value element, with some additional objects in the background. These simple objects establish a varied value structure for me to paint an interesting image.
The most important concept to keep in mind in this still life exercise is to observe these object as not what they are, but as abstract shape elements. The more you train your eye to see and paint them this way, the easier painting the complexity of outdoor sceneries will become.
1 Selecting objects to paint
Try not to think about finding “cool” objects to paint. Instead, consider their contrasting properties when they’re put together. In my setup, I have the contrast of the colourful, round-shaped toy next to the dark, geometric speaker sitting on the flat white board. Thinking abstractly this way will help you become better at depicting the fundamentals of design, value and colour.
2 Making use of a simple underdrawing
I like to think of the underdrawing almost as a simple note-taking stage. I quickly sketch in the important elements, such as proportions of objects and the general composition. The loose drawing enables me to be more flexible when painting, and not be a slave to the line work.
3 Overall colour block-in
During the early block-in stage I put down rough colour notes of what I see. I like to start in the centre of my image and work my way around the whole composition. I do this often throughout the whole painting process so I don’t linger in one area for too long. I also paint loosely and more wet during this stage, as I would with watercolours.
4 Breaking down the complexity
The middle stage is all about breaking down the complexity of your objects into more simple colour shapes and more accurate colour mixing. I push the warms colours in the light and cool colours in the shadows. I start to layer on thicker paint, but don’t think so much in terms of blending – instead, I sculpt simple planes with my brush strokes.
5 Refining the still life composition and applying details
Once I achieve a strong, solid read of my painting, the finishing stage becomes relatively straightforward. Here, I can start to think about adding details such as the horn on the toy figure or the texture element of the table wood grain. I’m also looking for subtle changes in colours, which will bring in more variety to my painting. For example, in my white board area I add subtle changes of yellowish and greyish white.
Variety of round, geometric and flat shapes. Still life comprises mid, dark and high values. Contrasting colours.
I simplify the drawing into large blocks and ignore details for now.
Introduce subtle colour variations in areas – here, shades of white. Be selective with the details you want to add, such as those on the toy figure, or wood grain texture. Make an effort to observe the different types of dark colours in the shadow areas.
Push the difference in values to make the objects read clearly. Look for warm and cool colours in the light and shadows. Break down the form into simple, accurate value and colour shapes. Don’t worry about blending at this stage.
Put down quick colours that you observe and react to. Don’t worry about accuracy. Constantly work around the composition.