1 Values are key
Value is the foundation of composition. It helps delineate shapes, shows atmospheric perspective, creates patterns and rhythms for the viewer to discover, as well as move their eyes around the composition. Not all values between objects need to be delineated; often close values can lead to lost edges that help open up a section of the composition, as well as enable the viewer to subconsciously fill in the missing information. Values within each object, negative space and backgrounds aren’t always flat, but should have transitions or gradients to add interest, as well as create interest against the space next to it.
Values help to move the viewer’s eyes around the composition