I’d like some tips on block­ing out the main shapes of faces for por­traits

ImagineFX - - Imagine Nation - Kath Ben­nie, Eng­land

An­swer

Elena replies

For proper head con­struc­tion, first draw a ver­ti­cal line, which sets the cen­tre of the face. Then de­ter­mine the lo­ca­tion of the ma­jor parts of the face: eyes, nose, lips and ears. They should fol­low the for­mula that a face is di­vided into three equal parts in height, bi­sect­ing the line of the fore­head, eye­brows and nose. The eyes should be prop­erly po­si­tioned rel­a­tive to each other, with the dis­tance be­tween them be­ing the width of an eye.

From the in­ner edges of the eyes draw ver­ti­cal lines. The in­ter­sec­tion with the line of the nose gives you the width of the nose. The nose is di­vided into three sec­tors in the form of a trape­zoid. The mouth is de­ter­mined by ver­ti­cal lines, drawn from the edge of the irises. The line of the mouth ex­tends some­where in the lower face but some­times higher, depend­ing on the na­ture of the char­ac­ter you’re draw­ing.

The most pro­nounced planes are the cheek­bones, fore­head and nose. The fore­head is de­ter­mined by three main planes that start from the be­gin­ning of the eye­brows and the acute an­gle of the eye­brows. To de­fine the cheek­bones, draw a line from the top edge of the ears to the ends of the mouth. De­ter­mine the bor­der and the pro­por­tions of the up­per and lower lips, and don’t for­get the groove be­tween the nose and up­per lip. Of course, you need to re­mem­ber that people are dif­fer­ent, and each char­ac­ter re­quires an in­di­vid­ual ap­proach.

This girl has coarse fa­cial fea­tures. She has wide cheek­bones, a big chin, a large nose and full lips. She looks a lit­tle like a young man.

This woman has clas­sic fem­i­nine fa­cial fea­tures. She has the same pro­por­tions as the fig­ure pic­tured above, but the re­sult is a dif­fer­ent char­ac­ter.

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