Draw in 3D

If your fig­ure art is look­ing rather flat, then it’s time to take it to the third di­men­sion. Chris Le­gaspi is on hand to im­prove your draw­ing and shad­ing tech­niques

ImagineFX - - Contents -

As a fig­u­ra­tive artist, I want ev­ery one of my draw­ings to feel three-di­men­sional. One method I use is con­struct­ing and shad­ing the fig­ure us­ing three-di­men­sional forms.

First, I look for the key land­marks on the fig­ure: cor­ners and di­rec­tion changes, apexes of forms, and over­laps and in­ter­sec­tions. These will help me to de­velop the draw­ing.

I start the draw­ing with sim­ple, geo­met­ric forms: cylin­ders, boxes and spheres, for ex­am­ple. Depend­ing on the pose and ef­fect I want, I’ll be­gin with ei­ther a boxy or rounded form. Next, I’ll re­fine the con­struc­tion by adding sec­ondary or com­pound forms. I use a com­bi­na­tion of spheres, cylin­ders and rec­tan­gles and blend them to­gether, tran­si­tion­ing from one form to an­other.

For the shad­ing, I start by sep­a­rat­ing the shadow shape and em­pha­sis­ing the core shadow. The core shadow is vi­tal be­cause it de­fines the plane change from light to shadow.

To com­plete the ren­der­ing, I’ll add a wash of half-tone us­ing sim­pli­fied spheres and cylin­ders as a guide. For ex­am­ple, I’ll shade the head as a sphere, and the torso and arms as cylin­ders. This will not only soften the core shadow, but also model and round the form, and fur­ther en­hance the feel­ing of a three-di­men­sional ob­ject. Chris ad­mits that he’s ob­sessed with fig­ure draw­ing and paint­ing. He also loves shar­ing great in­for­ma­tion on art and pic­ture mak­ing. www.learn-how­to­draw.com

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