Can you give me some advice on foreshortening please?
Holly Mason, Australia Answer Tony replies
Foreshortening, like happiness, is all about perspective. If you want something to appear dramatic and grab the focus in a composition, have it pointing towards the viewer. Then place the vanishing point close to the object and have the camera in real close. With these three elements, you’re going to feel the volume of your focal point a lot more.
Perspective is one of those things that can fill up several books. But the two main concepts are the horizon line and a vanishing point. The horizon line is a horizontal line that corresponds to the viewer’s eye level. The vanishing point is a place on the horizon line that a set of parallel edges on your object will all recede into. Think about how telephone poles get smaller on a long road, and how they all seem to recede into one point. That’s the vanishing point.
If you draw in your perspective and don’t like how something’s being distorted, change it. Moving the horizon line will alter the height of the camera, and moving around vanishing points will enable you to control the amount of distortion in the background and foreground.
In this illustration I’ve placed the vanishing point inside the image area and close enough to dramatically foreshorten a lot of the main figure. Pay attention to the lines coming out of the vanishing point that’s off to the left of the image, and notice how I’ve used them as a guide for the gun and woman.