Interview: Paul Kidby
This English artist’s work is synonymous with the books of Terry Pratchett.
Making false teeth, firing flaming arrows and painting magic wossname: the British artist tells Gary Evans about his long and eventful career
Paul Kidby grew up in suburban London in the 1960s and 70s. As a boy, there was a house on his street that he found fascinating. In the window was a skeleton. And when he heard what this lady did for a living, he found her house all the more fascinating. But he was well into his teens before he dared knock on the door of Miss Ockingdon’s.
At that time, he’d just dropped out of sixth form and worked on a Youth Opportunity Program making false teeth. He’d been interested in art from a young age. He’d make plasticine models of the orcs and elves from the books his big sister would read to him.
He was always drawing, too. He had plenty of supplies, since his dad was a stationary salesman. As a teenager, he drew imaginative pieces influenced by his two interests: fantasy literature and punk rock – The Lord of the Rings and The Jam, War of the Worlds and The Clash. Aged 17, Paul “plucked up the courage” to introduce himself to Miss Ockingdon.
“Miss Ockingdon,” he says, “had been an anatomical artist working in operating theatres, and was an adept draughtswoman and calligrapher. She had taught art at Ealing Art College. Her students included Pete Townsend, Freddie Mercury and Ronnie Wood.
“She told me, in no uncertain terms, that if I was serious about becoming an artist, I had to learn the nuts and bolts of my craft, starting with
perspective, anatomy and composition. I had to ditch my imaginative illustrations and start drawing from life.”
Paul visited Miss Ockingdon every week. She critiqued his work and set him challenges. Technically, he learned a lot from her. But above all else he learned that to be a successful artist you need discipline. “It was the start,” the illustrator and sculptor says, “of a life-changing process in my artistic development.”
In the early 1980s, Paul designed and painted roller blinds in a factory. He was working, but not hard. He and a friend would clock in and then go jogging. If they weren’t doing that, they were doing something far worse. “We made bows and arrows to fire across our department into the rolls of cardboard. This stopped after we got carried away and fired flaming arrows, as we realised things might be getting a tad out of hand.”
By the mid-80s, he was working as a commercial illustrator, first as a freelancer in London, where he created greetings cards and packaging, and later at Future Publishing in Bath, where he drew covers for magazines like Sega Power, GamesMaster, and Commodore Format. “I had the optimism of youth,” he says, “but it did mean working a lot harder, including weekends. The days of firing arrows, flaming or otherwise, were well and truly over.”
Paul is best known as the artist of choice for Sir Terry Pratchett. Since 2002, he’s designed book jackets for the author’s celebrated Discworld series and its various tie-ins. Paul used to have direct contact with Sir Terry until the author’s death in 2015. They’d flesh out designs together. Now Discworld commissions come from publishers or the Pratchett estate.
For book jackets, Paul receives a brief, then he works with an art editor until their ideas aline. “My job is to visualise the brief,” he says, “so it’s not a matter of compromise for me, rather a case of giving the client what they
Even if the subject is fantastical, such as a dragon, I’ll apply my knowledge of anatomy to make it believable
want to see. Sometimes I input additional ideas when I submit my designs, but it’s a collaborative process overall and one that I enjoy.”
Paul begins by drawing a very rough sketch. Only he’ll ever see this. He doesn’t develop it into a series of working sketches. Instead, once he has the idea straight, he starts work on what will eventually be the finished piece, adding lines, taking them out, working with the pencil and the eraser until he’s entirely happy with the composition. He shades for form and tone. If he’s going to colour the work, he’ll create a detailed underpainting in sepia tones, which “provides the bones for the drawing by strengthening the lines and form.” He adds thin washes of colour.
In the final stages, Paul uses colour pencils for details and highlights. He describes himself as “modern old school.” He strives for accuracy, in perspective, in proportion, in the things that always underpin his paintings. He makes final tweaks in Photoshop. By his own admission, he’s not a fast worker.
“Even if the subject matter is fantastical,” he says, “such as a dragon, I’ll apply my knowledge of anatomy to make it believable. My work has a historical feel and my colours tend
to be muted. I’ll often give an illustration a humorous slant, and sometimes I parody an existing painting, but only if it’s appropriate. I think the underlying thread that ties all my work together is ‘magical wossname’ – a useful Pratchett term.”
Paul works every day, often including weekends. He wakes up a 6.30am and runs on the treadmill. He gets cracking no later than 9am, after breakfast and a strong pot of coffee. He stops for lunch, walks his dog in the afternoons, and does Pilates to “counteract the hours I spend hunched over my drawing table.” He’s usually done by 6pm and rarely works at night.
Paul likes oils, acrylics or coloured pencils, and a smooth Bristol board on which to apply them. He doesn’t have a dedicated studio. He works at the dining table or in the conservatory. He uses an iPad, but for reference more than for making art. Other than that, he has no “fancy art equipment.”
interacting with viewers
“As an illustrator,” Paul says, “it’s my job to always consider my viewer and to convey information from the text into visual form.” He finds exhibiting in galleries the most rewarding part of his job. It enables him to show work as he intended it to be seen, free of text, titles or changes made digitally by clients. It’s when he can interact directly with the viewer, the most intimate kind of artist-viewer communication.
Paul is working in collaboration with Sir Terry Pratchett’s estate and the Salisbury Museum on a major exhibition titled Hisworld. It starts in September and runs until January 2018, and features over 40 original Discworld paintings, including Paul’s
Terry’s ongoing legacy is extraordinary, and there’s still a wonderfully rich body of work for me to illustrate
concept design for a large-scale bronze statue of Sir Terry for the city of Salisbury, where the author lived. He has some new collaborations lined up too: “Although Terry has sadly passed away,” Paul says, “his ongoing legacy is extraordinary, and there’s still a wonderfully rich body of work for me to illustrate, so there are plenty of exiting new projects on the horizon.”
After two decades of these collaborations, Paul’s art is almost inseparable from Terry Prachett’s writing, and vice versa. But being the go-to artist for one of the world’s most successful authors hasn’t changed the way he works. He sometimes spends years developing a piece before he puts pencil to paper. One single colour illustration can take six weeks to complete. And it all goes back to the discipline that he learned from his time with Miss Ockingdon.
“I prefer to plough my own furrow,” he says, “and this doesn’t involve attending publishing parties, conventions, entering contests or being the focus of attention. So I guess courting praise is not important to me. In fact, the most important thing to me is to be left to get on with my work undisturbed.”
Discworld “I painted this in 2014. It’s a large-scale piece, acrylic on canvas, and features over 70 Discworld characters. It’ll be on show at the Terry Pratchett Hisworld exhibition, on at the Salisbury Museum.”
“The art editor won an award for this cover, my Batman illustration for GamesMaster magazine.” batman
“I started this piece in 2002 and finished it in 2013. It was for an exhibition at the Russell Coates Museum in Bournemouth. Granny Weatherwax looks like my mum.” Wryd Sisters
Rincewind “This is one of my favourite Discworld characters being chased by some creatures from the Dungeon Dimensions, inspired by HP Lovecraft.” Last Hero “This is Cohen the Barbarian, with his sword and walking stick, which Terry especially requested a rubber bung on the end of.” Death with Kitten II ”This was a commission. The buyer thought that Death looked too kind and the kitten too happy, which I took as a compliment, because that’s what I was trying to achieve. It fits with Death’s character in the novels.”
Check Mort “This was done for a French book jacket in 2011. It became an iconic work because it was released during the time that Terry was battling Alzheimer’s. I painted it so that Terry’s chess pieces are positioned to win.” Great A’Tuin II “This large-scale painting depicts the Discworld, on the backs of four elephants, who are standing on a giant turtle, travelling through space. Pratchett genius at work.”
Night Watch “This is a parody of Rembrandt’s The Night Watch. It was the first book jacket I painted for a Discworld novel following the death of former Discworld illustrator Josh Kirby. So I painted him into the crowd as a tribute.
Companion “This has a secret message for someone very special to me… who has since became my wife! It features the Discworld librarian surrounded by magical books.”