8 using the 'Arrows' Technique
How to guide the eye within a composition, making significant choices and establishing a hierarchy of shapes
A Use meaningful shapes
Make sure when setting up your composition to place meaningful shapes. Think of lighting as revealing areas in your canvas where you want people to focus. Generally at this point it’s good to think in the abstract. Instead of thinking of the actual object (say, a person), think of it as a shape, and try to create contrast in form where you want people to look.
B Adding arrows
During the first refinement stage I start adding the arrows we discussed earlier. Here, the concentric rings around the entrance function as a circular arrow, supported by the background rings in the landscape. I add more figures that are centered around my focal point, all looking towards where the action is taking place. I try to reinforce multiple focal points.
C Simplify and refine
The last step is just reinforcing the statements from our earlier composition. The great part about setting up your composition beforehand is that it acts as a guide to the rest of your image. The goal is to solve as many problems as you can early on, so when you come to your refinement passes, you're simplifying and rendering rather than changing your canvas.