Ef­fec­tive crop­ping

Mac Format - - PHOTOGRAPHY -

You can’t al­ways frame your pho­tos as you’d want, but so long as you have some pix­els to spare, you can re­com­pose them later. This lets you ef­fec­tively move key sub­jects within the over­all frame with­out hav­ing to clone them and air­brush out the orig­i­nal.

To pull up the crop tool, tap R in Pho­to­shop or C in Light­room and Aper­ture. If you’re work­ing in iPhoto, click Edit fol­lowed by Crop. This over­lays the im­age with a frame. Drag the cor­ners to iso­late just the part you want to re­tain, then hit ® in Light­room or Pho­to­shop, and click Done in iPhoto or Ap­ply in Aper­ture.

You can con­strain the pro­por­tions by se­lect­ing from the menu in the iPhoto and Light­room side­bars, or by us­ing the boxes in the float­ing Di­a­log in Aper­ture or the info bar on the top of Pho­to­shop. Do­ing this lets you choose an as­pect ra­tio that matches your in­tended out­put, such as a 6x4-inch print, rather than the cam­era’s sen­sor.

Use the Over­lay menu on the Pho­to­shop tool­bar to re­veal a rule of thirds grid, which iPhoto dis­plays by de­fault as soon as you start chang­ing the crop di­men­sions. It’s al­ways in view when us­ing the Crop tool in Light­room. You can call it up in Aper­ture by check­ing the box marked ‘Show guides’ in the float­ing di­a­log.

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