What is Truf­fles?

Manjimup-Bridgetown Times - - LIfestyle -

Truf­fles are a fun­gus and grow un­der the ground as a re­sult of a sym­bi­otic re­la­tion­ship with the roots of par­tic­u­lar trees (such as oaks and hazel­nuts) in­fected with the ap­pro­pri­ate my­c­or­rhiza (lit­er­ally, fun­gus root). While they were orig­i­nally were con­fined to the wild, the past cen­tury has seen con­sid­er­able re­search, par­tic­u­larly in France, into de­vel­op­ing the ca­pa­bil­ity of cul­ti­vat­ing them as a do­mes­tic crop. The truf­fles form in late sum­mer and slowly ma­ture dur­ing au­tumn and are ready to har­vest in win­ter. They can be found break­ing the sur­face of the ground or down to 200 mil­lime­tres deep and are best lo­cated by a trained dog, from the aroma they emit when ripen­ing. There are many dif­fer­ent va­ri­eties of truf­fle and it is cul­ti­vated in the north­ern hemi­sphere (Europe and Amer­ica), and more re­cently in Aus­tralia, New Zealand and Chile.

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