HOW TO TREAT .... a nosebleed
With a little knowledge, you’ll learn how to deal with common childhood illnesses and conditions
What is it?
A nosebleed, or epistaxis, occurs when one of the blood vessels in the lining of the nose bursts. It’s common in children and usually over in less than 10 minutes. Pharmacist Nancy To says it’s important to remain calm if your little one has a bloody nose. “During a nosebleed, a toddler can experience distressful emotions, so provide lots of reassurance,” she says.
What are the symptoms?
As most nosebleeds occur unexpectedly, there are no classic symptoms or signs to predict their onset. However, look out for your toddler emotionally, as he might experience anxiety or fear at the sight of blood. Assure him that although it may seem he’s lost a lot of blood, a nosebleed will be over quickly and is not serious.
How do you get it?
There are many reasons why your toddler’s nose might bleed, including head colds, allergies, nose-picking and accidental bumps. Warm and dry weather can also cause bleeding, which can make the inside lining of the nose dry out and bleed.
What can you do?
Sit your toddler upright and tilt his head forward slightly. “Gently pinch the lower, soft part of the nose and hold on firmly for about 10 minutes. Releasing the pressure too soon may cause the bleeding to restart,” says Nancy. Keep an eye on your little one and ensure he isn’t exerting himself, which can make bleeding recur.
See your GP...
... if the bleeding is recurring several times a week or doesn’t stop after you’ve tried to stop the flow for 10 minutes, twice. “If you spot bleeding anywhere else, like the gums, or if there is vomiting of blood or your tot is unusually pale or sweaty or not responsive, seek medical help,” Nancy says.