HOW TO TREAT .... a nose­bleed

With a lit­tle knowl­edge, you’ll learn how to deal with com­mon child­hood ill­nesses and con­di­tions

Mother & Baby (Australia) - - Real Advice -

What is it?

A nose­bleed, or epis­taxis, oc­curs when one of the blood ves­sels in the lin­ing of the nose bursts. It’s com­mon in chil­dren and usu­ally over in less than 10 min­utes. Phar­ma­cist Nancy To says it’s im­por­tant to re­main calm if your lit­tle one has a bloody nose. “Dur­ing a nose­bleed, a tod­dler can ex­pe­ri­ence dis­tress­ful emo­tions, so pro­vide lots of re­as­sur­ance,” she says.

What are the symp­toms?

As most nose­bleeds oc­cur un­ex­pect­edly, there are no clas­sic symp­toms or signs to pre­dict their on­set. How­ever, look out for your tod­dler emo­tion­ally, as he might ex­pe­ri­ence anx­i­ety or fear at the sight of blood. As­sure him that although it may seem he’s lost a lot of blood, a nose­bleed will be over quickly and is not se­ri­ous.

How do you get it?

There are many rea­sons why your tod­dler’s nose might bleed, in­clud­ing head colds, al­ler­gies, nose-pick­ing and ac­ci­den­tal bumps. Warm and dry weather can also cause bleed­ing, which can make the in­side lin­ing of the nose dry out and bleed.

What can you do?

Sit your tod­dler up­right and tilt his head for­ward slightly. “Gen­tly pinch the lower, soft part of the nose and hold on firmly for about 10 min­utes. Re­leas­ing the pres­sure too soon may cause the bleed­ing to restart,” says Nancy. Keep an eye on your lit­tle one and en­sure he isn’t ex­ert­ing him­self, which can make bleed­ing re­cur.

See your GP...

... if the bleed­ing is re­cur­ring sev­eral times a week or doesn’t stop af­ter you’ve tried to stop the flow for 10 min­utes, twice. “If you spot bleed­ing any­where else, like the gums, or if there is vom­it­ing of blood or your tot is un­usu­ally pale or sweaty or not re­spon­sive, seek med­i­cal help,” Nancy says.

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