ON THIS DAY

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1791 – Aus­tralia’s first suc­cess­ful grape vine is planted.

1838 – The per­pe­tra­tors of the Myall Creek Mas­sacre in New South Wales are ac­quit­ted.

1889 – Brazil’s monar­chy is over­thrown.

1902 – An­ar­chist Gen­naro Ru­bin fails in his at­tempt to mur­der King Leopold II of Bel­gium.

1920 – The League of Na­tions meets for the first time in Geneva, Switzer­land.

1940 – Dur­ing the Blitz, the Ger­man air-force bombs the city of Coven­try, al­most com­pletely de­stroy­ing it.

1965 – The Soviet probe, Ven­era 3, is launched from Baikonur, Kaza­khstan. On March 1 the fol­low­ing year it be­came the first un­manned space­craft to reach the sur­face of an­other planet when it crashed on Venus.

1985 – Great Bri­tain and Ire­land sign an ac­cord giv­ing Dublin an of­fi­cial con­sul­ta­tive role in gov­ern­ing North­ern Ire­land.

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