Top 10 panel of­fer tips for 2017 crop

North East & Goulburn Murray Farmer - - NEWS -

MEM­BERS of the Grains Re­search and Devel­op­ment Cor­po­ra­tion’s South­ern Re­gional Panel – com­pris­ing grow­ers, re­searchers and ad­vis­ers – have pro­vided some per­sonal in­sights to south­ern re­gion grain grow­ers for a suc­cess­ful 2017 grow­ing sea­son.

Chair Keith Pengilley, Conara (Tasmania):

Whilst it has been some­what of a vari­able start across the south­ern re­gion in 2017, sig­nif­i­cant rain­fall events in some parts has seen many grow­ers sow crops early and this presents a crop graz­ing op­por­tu­nity for those with live­stock.

It is a strat­egy well worth con­sid­er­ing given cur­rent buoy­ant prices for lamb, mut­ton and beef.

Deputy chair Mike McLaughlin, Ade­laide (SA):

As crops start to es­tab­lish, it is im­por­tant to con­tinue to think about crop. Straight vis­ual ob­ser­va­tion of the crop as it grows is of­ten the best way to get an early warn­ing that some­thing is wrong

Nu­tri­ent de­fi­ciency symp­toms on leaves can sug­gest what the prob­lem might be and can be fol­lowed up by soil or plant tis­sue tests to con­firm the de­fi­ciency and sug­gest cor­rec­tive ac­tion.

In light of the drier sea­sonal out­look and es­pe­cially in ar­eas where the sea­son has com­menced off the back of a mod­er­ate rain­fall break, grow­ers should adopt a cau­tious ap­proach to ni­tro­gen (N) ap­pli­ca­tion in ce­re­als.

Rather than ap­ply­ing a large amount of N upfront, it would be pru­dent to mon­i­tor how the sea­son un­folds.

N can be ap­plied quite late into wheat and a good re­sult can still be achieved.

John Ben­nett, Lawloit (Vic­to­ria): Ro­han Mott, Ninda (Vic­to­ria):

Mon­i­tor­ing mouse num­bers through­out the sea­son will be im­por­tant.

We have been, and are con­tin­u­ing to bait dur­ing our sow­ing pro­gram.

De­spite this, we are still see­ing dam­age from mice in early sown vetch and lupins, par­tic­u­larly around mouse holes.

Don’t suc­cumb to a false sense of se­cu­rity – even if mice aren’t ac­tive through the win­ter months, con­tinue to mon­i­tor your crops and if nec­es­sary pre­pare for the pos­si­bil­ity of ae­rial bait­ing be­ing nec­es­sary in the spring to pre­vent yield loss.

Kate Wil­son, Hopetoun (Vic­to­ria):

A com­bi­na­tion of fac­tors have cre­ated the ‘per­fect storm’, in terms of crop dis­eases and in­sect pests this year.

Large stub­ble loads, a car­ry­over of some dis­eases, the green bridge of weeds and vol­un­teers, good open­ing rains in some parts and cur­rent mild con­di­tions have height­ened the risk to crops in 2017.

Un­der­stand­ing what crops are likely to be vul­ner­a­ble to dis­eases and pests and hav­ing man­age­ment strate­gies in place in ad­vance is es­sen­tial.

Snail num­bers have built up since last year and bait­ing should have oc­curred soon after the open­ing rains, which is when they move down from their rest­ing places to feed.

Well-timed bait­ing is es­sen­tial to en­sure an ef­fec­tive kill while snails are feed­ing and be­fore they com­mence breed­ing and lay­ing eggs.

Jon Mid­wood, In­ver­leigh ( Vic­to­ria):

In the high rain­fall zones of Vic­to­ria and Tasmania, April was wet­ter than av­er­age and slug ac­tiv­ity has in­creased sig­nif­i­cantly in re­cent weeks.

This has se­ri­ous im­pli­ca­tions, as canola crops are just start­ing to emerge.

Mark Stan­ley, Port Lincoln (SA):

With the in­creased area of canola go­ing in this year, close mon­i­tor­ing of emerg­ing crops for seedling pests, in­clud­ing slaters, mil­li­pedes, snails and slugs is rec­om­mended.

If tem­per­a­tures re­main high, be on the lookout for green peach aphid (GPA) as canola seedlings es­tab­lish.

Bill Long, Auburn (SA):

Sow­ing crops at the op­ti­mum seed­ing depth is ex­tremely im­por­tant, so it is well worth fol­low­ing up on this year’s sow­ing pro­grams by check­ing the depth of seed as crops emerge.

A sim­ple way of de­ter­min­ing if seed has gone in at the right depth is to take a photo of the seed depth marker on the seeder bar and com­pare that in-pad­dock with where the seed is placed in the soil.

Rob Sono­gan, Swan Hill (Vic­to­ria):

Don’t for­get about root dis­eases, such as ce­real cyst ne­ma­tode, take-all and rhi­zoc­to­nia root rot, which are still quite preva­lent in the south­ern crop­ping re­gion and can cause sig­nif­i­cant yield loss.

From early tiller­ing on­wards, look for plants that are show­ing symp­toms of disease, dig them up (don’t pull them up) and have a close in­spec­tion of the roots.

South Devon - An­gus first cross bull Aus­tralis cow

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Australia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.