Step by step
What to use, when Not sure whether to dial the exposure compensation up or down?
01 Dark backgrounds
Your camera is likely to over-expose if a large area of your scene is dark in colour, while at night the low light levels can make it difficult for the camera to get the right exposure. Set the exposure compensation to -1 for a dark scene, or -2 if the background is almost black.
02 Bright backgrounds
If you include a bright light source in your shot it’s likely that your camera will under-expose the subject. To keep more detail in the subject, use +1 or +2 exposure compensation. Mist and fog will also cause the camera to under-expose – try using +1 exposure compensation.
03 Snow/bright subjects
If you are shooting a scene where snow is covering a large area of the ground your camera will often under-expose the scene, so that the snow comes out as grey. In this situation, set the exposure compensation to around +1 to keep the snow bright.