Try centre-weighted metering
Nikon’s Matrix metering system is supersophisticated, so why would you want old-fashioned centre-weighted metering? It’s because Matrix metering mode tries to interpret each scene, so it’s hard to guess what it’s going to do. Centre-weighted metering is less complex, and so easier to predict.
Be More average
All Nikons offer centre-weighted metering, but what happened to averaged metering, where the light across the scene is averaged out? It sounds crude, but it’s often easier to interpret. Well, on pro-level Nikons you can customise the centreweighted area to produce a fully averaged reading.
Select the right Spot
Spot metering is useful for taking exposure readings from a small area of the scene, but do you know which area? With Nikons the spot reading is taken from the currently selected AF point, so pick it with care. (If you’re using Auto Area AF, spot readings are taken from the centre of the frame.)