5 Rules for composition
You have to know the rules before you can break them...
1 Rule of thirds
Divide your scene into three with imaginary horizontal and vertical lines, then place points of interest, like a person or horizon, on these third lines.
2 Natural frames
Use natural frames in the scene, such as a doorway, a window, or even an array of branches, to surround your subject, drawing attention to it.
3 Leading lines
Look for lines that run through an image, like a road or a wall, and position your subject so that the lines lead towards it, drawing the viewer’s eye to what’s important.
4 Golden triangle
Draw a diagonal line between two corners of your image, then run a third line perpendicular from the line to the other corners. Place the subject on the intersection.
5 Golden ratio
The ratio of 1:1.618 appears throughout nature and art. Make a square, sized one unit, then add on an extra 0.618. Add a square on the long side to create the next rectangle, and repeat to find the sweet spot.