5 things Nikon has given to the world of… SCI­ENCE

Up close and up in space

NPhoto - - Feature -

Mi­cro­scope de­vel­op­ment

Nikon de­signed its first mi­cro­scope, the JOICO, in 1925 with a stag­ger­ing 765x mag­ni­fi­ca­tion. Nikon also re­leased Ja­pan’s first stereo­scopic mi­cro­scope (1954), the Field­mi­cro­scope (1996) pic­tured above, plus the BioS­ta­tion CT cell cul­ture ob­ser­va­tion sys­tem (2007) – used in an in­cu­ba­tor so that the growth of live cells can be ob­served.

Test -tube ba­bies

The world’s first test-tube baby, Bri­tain’s Louise Brown, was con­ceived with the as­sis­tance of a Nikon mi­cro­scope – as was the US’s first test-tube baby, El­iz­a­beth Carr. In the ’90s a Nikon Di­aphot mi­cro­scope as­sisted in cloning Dolly the sheep, the first mam­mal cloned from an adult cell.

Astron­omy in Ja­pan

Nikon’s first 20cm equa­to­rial re­fract­ing tele­scope was po­si­tioned in the roof ob­ser­va­tory dome of the Tokyo Sci­ence Mu­seum in 1931. It re­mained in ser­vice for more than 70 years.

Space tele­scope

On 14 Septem­ber 2013, the Ja­pan Aerospace Ex­plo­ration Agency (JAXA) launched Hisaki, the world’s first space tele­scope ded­i­cated for re­mote ob­ser­va­tion of plan­ets, in­clud­ing Venus and Mars. Nikon pro­vided the pri­mary 20cm sil­i­con car­bide mir­ror for the tele­scope.

The Small World Com­pe­ti­tion

Since 1975, Nikon has or­ga­nized the In­ter­na­tional Small World Com­pe­ti­tion – a cel­e­bra­tion of mi­cro­scope pho­tog­ra­phy.

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