Hig h-contrast scenes
Try taking several readings then shoot with the average
1 Set Manual mode Switch to Manual mode for full control of your exposure and Spot metering. Dial in your desired aperture and ISO. These values will depend on the scene, but start at around f/11 and ISO100.
2 Take two readings
Set the AF point manually, then position the focus point over an area of shadow. Note the recommended shutter speed. Repeat this step to meter the brightest part of the scene.
3 Find the average
Find the middle shutter speed between the two readings. For example, between 1/160 sec and 1/640 sec would be 1/320 sec. Shoot at this shutter speed and then review the image histogram.