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Clip­ping

If a par­tic­u­lar tone in a photo is clipped then it lacks de­tail. Clipped (un­der­ex­posed) shad­ows will dis­play as ar­eas of pure black. Clipped (over­ex­posed) high­lights will ap­pear as white. A lit­tle clip­ping is ac­cept­able, es­pe­cially in a black-and-white im­age, as it en­sures a strong con­trast. Clipped spec­u­lar high­lights, such as re­flec­tions in wa­ter droplets or on shiny me­tal sur­faces, can re­main clipped (pure white) as there are no key de­tails to be lost in these tiny ar­eas.

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