World of Medicine
More Support for Simply Monitoring Prostate Cancer
When non-aggressive cancer is discovered in the prostate, one option is ‘active surveillance’ (AS). As long as the tumour stays harmless, the patient doesn’t undergo radiation or surgery – or suffer any of their side effects, which can include bladder problems and impotence. A recent study of 82,429 men aged 50-69 showed no significant difference in the mortality rate a decade after diagnosis between those who chose AS and those who received treatment.
Don’t Bring ‘Super Bacteria’ Home with You
Planning an overseas trip? If you end up with dreaded traveller’s diarrhoea, you may want to steer clear of taking antibiotics for it. A Finnish study found that antibiotics increase your chances of getting colonised by bacteria that produce extendedspectrum beta- lactamase (ESBL), an intestinal bacteria that’s resistant to penicillins and other antibiotics. Children and the elderly are most at risk for getting sick from ESBL. Instead, soothe your stomach by drinking a lot of water and taking an antimotility medication such as Imodium.
Cocoa and Coffee Combo Boosts Mood and Energy
Drinking mocha lattes has been found to improve attention spans. Researchers from Clark University in the US measured the mood and cognitive performance of 24 people after they drank caffeine dissolved in water; cocoa; both substances combined; or a placebo. The best results came from the blend: cocoa increases cerebral blood flow, improving cognition and attention, but also lessens the anxietyproducing effects of the caffeine while supplementing its attention-enhancing powers. So drink up.