New Huge Accelerator Will Recreate the Big Bang
In 2035, CERN will be ready to make experiments with the first of two giant accelerators with a circumference of 100 km. The first one will study the Higgs boson. The next one will search for dark matter and recreate the primordial soup of the universe.
FUNCTION 1: RESEARCH Huge ring to massproduce Higgs bosons
Electrons and positrons are directed into separate tubes. As electrons and positrons have different electric charges, a magnetic field will send them separate ways. The tubes pass through four detectors, in which the particles collide. The collisions will produce millions of Higgs bosons and teach physicists more about how the atomic building blocks get their mass by combining with the Higgs bosons.
FUNCTION 2: DISCOVERY Proton collisions to reveal dark twin particles
Even with lots of force in the new FCC accelerator, it will be a challenge to trace dark matter in the shape of twin particles. That is because dark matter is made up of particles which do not interact with matter. This means that scientists cannot build a detector that can measure twin particles directly, as dark matter will just pass right through it. However, dark matter has mass and so energy, of which scientists can find traces in the detector.
FUNCTION 3: TIME TRAVEL New accelerator brings scientists closer to Big Bang
A split second after the Big Bang, the universe consisted of a "soup" of free gluons and quarks, which are the ingredients of protons and neutrons. By colliding lead cores with lots of protons and neutrons at record speeds, the FCC recreates the soup less than a nanosecond after the Big Bang, so physicists can observe the formation of the universe on a small scale.