New Huge Ac­cel­er­a­tor Will Recre­ate the Big Bang

In 2035, CERN will be ready to make ex­per­i­ments with the first of two gi­ant ac­cel­er­a­tors with a cir­cum­fer­ence of 100 km. The first one will study the Higgs bo­son. The next one will search for dark mat­ter and recre­ate the pri­mor­dial soup of the uni­verse.

Science Illustrated - - TECHNOLOGY -

FUNC­TION 1: RE­SEARCH Huge ring to masspro­duce Higgs bosons

Elec­trons and positrons are di­rected into sep­a­rate tubes. As elec­trons and positrons have dif­fer­ent elec­tric charges, a mag­netic field will send them sep­a­rate ways. The tubes pass through four de­tec­tors, in which the par­ti­cles col­lide. The col­li­sions will pro­duce mil­lions of Higgs bosons and teach physi­cists more about how the atomic build­ing blocks get their mass by com­bin­ing with the Higgs bosons.

FUNC­TION 2: DIS­COV­ERY Pro­ton col­li­sions to re­veal dark twin par­ti­cles

Even with lots of force in the new FCC ac­cel­er­a­tor, it will be a chal­lenge to trace dark mat­ter in the shape of twin par­ti­cles. That is be­cause dark mat­ter is made up of par­ti­cles which do not in­ter­act with mat­ter. This means that sci­en­tists can­not build a de­tec­tor that can mea­sure twin par­ti­cles di­rectly, as dark mat­ter will just pass right through it. How­ever, dark mat­ter has mass and so en­ergy, of which sci­en­tists can find traces in the de­tec­tor.

FUNC­TION 3: TIME TRAVEL New ac­cel­er­a­tor brings sci­en­tists closer to Big Bang

A split sec­ond after the Big Bang, the uni­verse con­sisted of a "soup" of free glu­ons and quarks, which are the in­gre­di­ents of pro­tons and neu­trons. By col­lid­ing lead cores with lots of pro­tons and neu­trons at record speeds, the FCC recre­ates the soup less than a nanosec­ond after the Big Bang, so physi­cists can ob­serve the for­ma­tion of the uni­verse on a small scale.

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