THE UPS AND DOWNS OF MA­RINE PRO­TECTED AR­EAS

Scuba Diver Australasia + Ocean Planet - - Contents - By Shreya Das­gupta, Mongabay

Are ma­rine pro­tected ar­eas (MPAs) re­ally as ben­e­fi­cial as we think? Mongabay gets to the truth with their ex­am­i­na­tion of the ef­fec­tive­ness of ma­rine pro­tec­tions

If we con­ser­va­tion­ists and bi­ol­o­gists do not think of the planet as one – earth and wa­ter – then I ask, who will? If we do not press for ma­rine as well as ter­res­trial sanc­tu­ar­ies and for reg­u­la­tions over our ma­rine ac­tiv­i­ties, then I ask again, who will?

Car­leton Ray

Coun­tries are now fren­ziedly cre­at­ing more ma­rine pro­tected ar­eas, in­creas­ingly very large ones, ei­ther out of gen­uine con­cern for ma­rine life or to meet international tar­gets. In the midst of it all, the ef­fi­cacy of this con­ser­va­tion tool re­mains heav­ily de­bated. Is es­tab­lish­ing ma­rine parks bet­ter for species and habi­tats than leav­ing ar­eas un­pro­tected? Do ma­rine parks im­prove fish­eries and the well-be­ing of fish­eries de­pen­dent com­mu­ni­ties?

1962

FIRST WORLD CON­FER­ENCE OF NA­TIONAL PARKS

Car­leton Ray, a ma­rine bi­ol­o­gist at the Univer­sity of Vir­gina, pleaded the cause of set­ting aside “un­mo­lested ar­eas in the sea”

1985

Num­ber of ma­rine pro­tected ar­eas had risen to 430

1992

RIO EARTH SUM­MIT

Coun­tries agreed to es­tab­lish net­works of ma­rine pro­tected ar­eas as sci­en­tists proved that fish­ing was caus­ing the world’s fish stocks to col­lapse

2004

UNITED NA­TIONS CON­VEN­TION ON BI­O­LOG­I­CAL DI­VER­SITY (CBD)

The world’s govern­ments com­mit­ted to con­serv­ing at least 10 per­cent of coastal and ma­rine ar­eas by 2012

2010

CBD ex­tended the dead­line to 2020 as the cov­er­age was still below two per­cent

PRESENT

Ac­cord­ing to the United Na­tions Pro­tected Planet data repos­i­tory, more than 15,600 ma­rine pro­tected ar­eas are in place, cov­er­ing more than 25 mil­lion square kilo­me­tres, or nearly seven per­cent of the Earth’s oceans

Blue Mao­mao at poor knights Is­lands

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Australia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.