• Mangrove forests are found between the latitudes of 32°N and 38°S, along the tropical and subtropical coasts of Africa, Australia, Asia, and the Americas • The distribution of mangrove forests is mostly determined by sea level and its fluctuations. Other factors are air temperature, salinity, currents, weather patterns, shore slope, and soil substrate
More than one in six mangrove species worldwide are in danger of extinction as a result of a number
of factors, including coastal development, climate change, logging
We have already lost over half of the
world’s original mangrove forest area, estimated at 32 million hectares
(approx. 80 million acres).
About half of mangrove loss has occurred in the last 50 years, mostly
in the last two decades, due to: • Shrimp farming
• Tourism • Urbanisation • Expansion of agriculture
• Marinas and ports
• Other coastal development
The current rate of mangrove loss is approximately 1% per annum (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization – FAO), or roughly 150,000 hectares (approx. 370,000 acres) of mangrove wetlands
lost each year.