TYPE I DIABETES
Type 1 diabetes is not a lifestyle disease. It is not caused by poor nutrition or lack of exercise. The pancreas, a small gland behind the stomach, stops making insulin and without insulin, the body’s cells cannot turn glucose (sugar) into energy. The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not yet known, but it can run in families and cannot be prevented. People with type 1 diabetes need to continuously monitor their blood glucose levels throughout the day and night. They depend on insulin injections to stay alive. Around 40 per cent of people have insulin pumps, which drip insulin into the body throughout the day, rather than by injection, but they still need to be programmed by the user.