TYPE I DIABETES

Southern Gazette (South Perth) - - News -

Type 1 diabetes is not a life­style dis­ease. It is not caused by poor nu­tri­tion or lack of ex­er­cise. The pan­creas, a small gland be­hind the stom­ach, stops making in­sulin and with­out in­sulin, the body’s cells can­not turn glu­cose (sugar) into en­ergy. The ex­act cause of type 1 diabetes is not yet known, but it can run in fam­i­lies and can­not be pre­vented. Peo­ple with type 1 diabetes need to con­tin­u­ously mon­i­tor their blood glu­cose lev­els through­out the day and night. They de­pend on in­sulin in­jec­tions to stay alive. Around 40 per cent of peo­ple have in­sulin pumps, which drip in­sulin into the body through­out the day, rather than by in­jec­tion, but they still need to be pro­grammed by the user.

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