Where in the world is... Ade­laide?

Stanthorpe Border Post - - NIE NEWSPAPERS IN EDUCATION -

SUR­ROUNDED by hills to its east and over 70 kilo­me­tres of coast­line to the west, is Aus­tralia’s fifth largest city and the cap­i­tal of South Aus­tralia… Ade­laide.

Nes­tled in the foothills of the Mount Lofty Ranges and sit­u­ated on Gulf St. Vin­cent, Ade­laide is lo­cated on the tra­di­tional lands of the Kau­rna peo­ple, the first in­hab­i­tants of the area, who called it Tan­danya, ‘place of the red kan­ga­roo’.

In the early 1830s, the Bri­tish drew up plans to set­tle in the area – a new colony for free set­tlers, not con­victs.

In De­cem­ber 1836, Sur­veyor-Gen­eral Colonel William Light se­lected the site for the cap­i­tal of the new colony in South Aus­tralia.

Light laid out the city close to the River Tor­rens, in a grid pat­tern, with five squares in the city cen­tre, en­cir­cled by park lands.

The first gov­er­nor of the new colony was Cap­tain John Hind­marsh, who ar­rived on De­cem­ber 28, 1838, pro­claim­ing the com­mence­ment of colo­nial gov­ern­ment in South Aus­tralia.

In 181 years, the tiny colony has grown in to a vi­brant city, to be­come recog­nised in­ter­na­tion­ally as a thriv­ing cre­ative and cul­tural cen­tre, ac­claimed for its unique ar­chi­tec­tural his­tory and her­itage.

These, along­side ed­u­ca­tion and in­fra­struc­ture, are some of the rea­sons Ade­laide was this year ranked the world’s fifth most live­able city.

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