The end of the Great War

Stanthorpe Border Post - - NIE -

A WAR that had lasted four years, three months and one week, ended at 11am on the eleventh day of the eleventh month, in 1918, when all na­tions in­volved agreed to stop fight­ing while terms of peace were ne­go­ti­ated.

This Sun­day, Novem­ber 11, 2018 marks 100 years since that armistice was de­clared.

Guns fall silent

By early 1918, the Al­lied Pow­ers (Great Britain, France, and Rus­sia) in­clud­ing Aus­tralian forces, had be­gun to turn the tide on the Cen­tral Pow­ers (Ger­many, Aus­tria-Hun­gary, the Ot­toman Em­pire and Bul­garia) at the West­ern Front.

Hav­ing col­lapsed from con­tin­ual mil­i­tary de­feat and a bro­ken morale, on Novem­ber 11 1918 at 5am (Paris time), the head of the Ger­man del­e­ga­tion agreed to the terms and con­di­tions set by the Al­lied Pow­ers and the armistice came into ef­fect six hours af­ter be­ing signed, mark­ing the ces­sa­tion of all hos­til­i­ties, and con­se­quently the end of ‘the war to end all wars.’

The mo­ment hos­til­i­ties ceased on the West­ern Front (an im­por­tant bat­tle­ground dur­ing World War I) be­came uni­ver­sally as­so­ci­ated with the re­mem­brance of the ‘Great War’.

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