1663: Turks declare war against Holy
Roman Emperor Leopold I. 1906: Earthquake strikes San Francisco; resulting fires devastate the city, leaving more than 1000 dead and 200,000 people homeless. 1909: 15th-century French heroine Joan of Arc is beatified at a ceremony at the Vatican. 1934: The first laundromat, the Washeteria, is opened at Fort Worth, Texas, by JF Cantrell. 1955: German-born physicist Albert Einstein (above) dies in Princeton, New Jersey, aged 76. 1962: West Indies Federation is
terminated. 1980: Former Rhodesia becomes
independent Zimbabwe. 1983: Suicide bomb attack kills 62 at the
US Embassy in Beirut. 2002: Afghanistan’s former king, Mohammad Zaher Shah, returns to his country after 29 years in exile.