The Courier-Mail

ON THIS DAY

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TO­DAY is Septem­ber 1, the 244th day of 2015. High­lights in history on this date: 1494 – France’s King Charles VIII in­vades Italy to claim throne of Naples. 1542 – Holy Ro­man Em­pire’s cam­paign against the Turks in Hungary fails. 1706 – Bri­tish suc­cess­fully de­fend Charleston, South Carolina, against French and Span­ish. 1824 – Ad­vance party for More­ton Bay, Queens­land, sets sail from Syd­ney, on board the brig Amity. 1858 – The East In­dia Com­pany’s gov­ern­ment of In­dia ends with the Bri­tish Crown tak­ing over its ter­ri­to­ries and du­ties. 1873 – South Aus­tralian gov­ern­ment in­tro­duces eight-hour work­ing day. 1879 – Bri­tain signs peace treaty with Zu­lus in South Africa. 1912 – Aus­tralian prime min­is­ter An­drew Fisher in­cor­po­rates wat­tle into the na­tion’s coat of arms. 1923 – A coalmine ex­plo­sion and fire at Bell­bird Col­liery, at New­cas­tle, NSW, kills 21 peo­ple. 1923 – The Great Kanto Earth­quake shakes the Tokyo metropoli­tan area, killing more than 142,000 peo­ple. 1939 – Ger­many in­vades Poland, lead­ing to start of World War II. 1951 – Aus­tralia signs the ANZUS treaty, a mu­tual de­fence pact, with the United States and New Zealand. 1985 - US-French ex­pe­di­tion lo­cates wreck­age of the Titanic about 900km off New­found­land. 2003 - The Nether­lands be­comes the world’s first coun­try to make cannabis avail­able as a pre­scrip­tion drug for those suf­fer­ing from HIV/AIDS, can­cer and MS. 2011 - The Vic­to­rian gov­ern­ment an­nounces the re­mains dis­cov­ered at the for­mer Mel­bourne prison Pen­tridge are those of no­to­ri­ous bushranger Ned Kelly, more than 130 years af­ter he was ex­e­cuted.

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