ON THIS DAY
The US Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Law, in a compromise which requires officials in the North to help return runaway slaves to their owners in the South.
Italian troops under Count Camillo Cavour defeat papal forces at Castelfidardo.
Russia’s 3rd Prime Minister, land reformer Pyotr Stolypin, dies, three days after the 10th attempt on his life.
Australian troops spearhead attack at Le Verguier on the Hindenburg Line.
The Japanese army in Manchuria use the pretext of an explosion along its railway to occupy Mukden (Shenyang) and to increase its control to all of Manchuria within months.
A local communist commander seizes power in Madiun, a city in East Java, Indonesia, as part of a rebellion effort against the Sukarno government. The revolt is suppressed in three months of bloodshed.
A plane crash in Africa kills UN secretary-general Dag Hammarskjold, as he tries to arrange a ceasefire in the Republic of the Congo.
US rock star Jimi Hendrix (above) dies aged 27 in London after overdosing on sleeping pills.
After a 19-month search, Patty Hearst is arrested at San Francisco. Central banks worldwide, led by the US Federal Reserve, agree to pump $US180 billion in short-term funding into money markets frozen by the Wall Street meltdown.
Britt Lapthorne, 21, of Melbourne, vanishes after leaving friends at a nightclub in Dubrovnik, Croatia. Her body is found in a cove near the town, on October 6.